Salmon is among the most nutritious meals on the planet.

This in style fatty fish is just not solely loaded with vitamins but in addition could cut back sure danger components for a number of illnesses.

What’s extra, it’s tasty, versatile, and extensively accessible.

This text will discover among the key advantages of salmon, together with just a few simple methods so as to add it to your weight-reduction plan.

Salmon diet details

The dietary worth of salmon can differ barely among the many varieties. For instance, farmed salmon accommodates barely extra wholesome fat and energy, whereas wild-caught salmon is a bit larger in protein (1, 2).

Nevertheless, each sorts are nice sources of many key vitamins, together with selenium, phosphorus, and B nutritional vitamins (1, 2).

Here’s a nearer have a look at the dietary worth for a 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of cooked wild or farmed salmon (1, 2):

Salmon is especially excessive in selenium, an essential nutrient that’s concerned in DNA synthesis, thyroid hormone metabolism, and reproductive well being (3).

It’s additionally an important supply of omega-3 fatty acids, a sort of heart-healthy fats that may lower irritation and help mind well being (4).

What’s extra, salmon is wealthy in vitamin B12, which is important for producing pink blood cells and regulating the well being of the central nervous system (5).


Salmon is a superb supply of protein, wholesome fat, and numerous important nutritional vitamins and minerals.

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Salmon well being advantages

1. Wealthy in omega-3 fatty acids

Salmon is among the greatest sources of the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) portion of farmed salmon has 2.3 grams of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, whereas the identical portion of untamed salmon accommodates 2.2 grams (1, 2).

Not like most different fat, omega-3 fat are thought of “important,” that means you will need to get them out of your weight-reduction plan since your physique can not create them.

Typically, most well being organizations advocate that wholesome adults get a minimal of 250–1,000 mg of mixed EPA and DHA per day (6).

EPA and DHA have been credited with a number of spectacular well being advantages, corresponding to reducing irritation, decreasing blood strain, lowering the danger of most cancers, and bettering the perform of the cells that line your arteries (7, 8, 9, 10).

One assessment of twenty-two research discovered that utilizing an EPA and DHA complement constantly may considerably enhance arterial perform, particularly in individuals who smoke, are chubby, or have excessive levels of cholesterol or metabolic syndrome (11).

What’s extra, research have proven that getting these omega-3 fat from fish will increase ranges in your physique much more successfully than supplementing with fish oil capsules (12, 13).

As for a way a lot fish to eat, consuming not less than two servings of salmon per week may help you meet your omega-3 fatty acid wants.


Salmon is wealthy in long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, which have been proven to scale back irritation, decrease blood strain, and reduce danger components for illness.

2. Nice supply of protein

Salmon is wealthy in top quality protein.

Like omega-3 fat, protein is a vital nutrient that you will need to get out of your weight-reduction plan.

Protein performs plenty of essential roles in your physique, together with serving to you heal after harm, defending bone well being, and sustaining muscle mass throughout weight reduction and as you become old (14, 15, 16, 17).

Latest analysis has discovered that for optimum well being, every meal ought to present not less than 20–30 grams of top quality protein (18).

For reference, a 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of salmon accommodates 22–25 grams of protein (1, 2).


Your physique wants protein to heal after harm, shield bone well being, and stop muscle loss, amongst different issues. Salmon supplies 22–25 grams of protein per 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving.

3. Excessive in B nutritional vitamins

Salmon is a wonderful supply of B nutritional vitamins.

Under is the B vitamin content material in 3.5 ounces (100 grams) of untamed salmon (2):

  • Vitamin B12: greater than 100% of the DV
  • Niacin: 63% of the DV
  • Vitamin B6: 56% of the DV
  • Riboflavin: 38% of the DV
  • Pantothenic acid: 38% of the DV
  • Thiamine: 23% of the DV
  • Folic acid: 7% of the DV

These nutritional vitamins are concerned in a number of essential processes in your physique, together with turning the meals you eat into vitality, creating and repairing DNA, and lowering persistent irritation, which may result in illness (19, 20).

Moreover, research have discovered that every one the B nutritional vitamins work collectively to keep up optimum functioning of your mind and nervous system (19).


Salmon is a wonderful supply of a number of B nutritional vitamins, which your physique wants for producing vitality, controlling irritation, and defending coronary heart and mind well being.

4. Good supply of potassium

Salmon is kind of excessive in potassium.

That is very true of untamed salmon, which supplies 13% of the DV per 3.5 ounces (100 grams), versus 8% for farmed salmon (1, 2).

Actually, wild salmon accommodates extra potassium than an equal quantity of banana, which supplies simply 9% of the DV (21).

Potassium helps handle your blood strain and may additionally cut back the danger of stroke (22, 23).

One assessment discovered that supplementing with potassium considerably decreased blood strain ranges in folks with hypertension, particularly for these consuming massive quantities of sodium (24).

Potassium additionally works with sodium to assist regulate fluid stability and decrease blood strain by stopping extra water retention (25).


A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of salmon supplies as much as 13% of the DV for potassium, which helps handle blood strain and stop extra fluid retention.

5. Loaded with selenium

Selenium is a mineral present in soil and sure meals, together with salmon (3).

It’s thought of a hint mineral, that means your physique wants solely a small quantity. Nonetheless, getting sufficient selenium in your weight-reduction plan is essential.

Research have proven that selenium helps shield bone well being, decreases thyroid antibodies in folks with autoimmune thyroid illness, and should doubtlessly cut back the danger of sure forms of most cancers (26, 27, 28).

A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of salmon supplies 75–85% of the DV for selenium (1, 2).

Consuming salmon and different forms of seafood has been proven to enhance blood ranges of selenium in folks whose diets are low on this mineral (29, 30).

One older examine discovered that blood ranges of selenium elevated considerably extra in individuals who consumed two servings of salmon per week than in those that consumed fish oil capsules containing much less selenium (30).


A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of salmon supplies 75–85% of the DV of selenium, a mineral which will help bone well being, enhance thyroid perform, and shield towards sure forms of most cancers.

6. Incorporates astaxanthin

Astaxanthin is a compound linked to a number of highly effective well being results. As a member of the carotenoid household of antioxidants, astaxanthin offers salmon its signature pink hue (31).

Astaxanthin seems to decrease the danger of coronary heart illness by lowering the oxidation of LDL (dangerous) ldl cholesterol and rising ranges of HDL (good) ldl cholesterol (32).

Some analysis additionally means that astaxanthin could cut back irritation, lower oxidative stress, and shield towards the buildup of fatty plaque within the arteries, which may doubtlessly cut back the danger of coronary heart illness (33).

As well as, astaxanthin is believed to work with the omega-3 fatty acids present in salmon to guard the mind and nervous system towards irritation (34).

What’s extra, astaxanthin could even assist stop pores and skin harm and enable you to look youthful.

Actually, one assessment reported that astaxanthin may act as an antioxidant, cut back the looks of wrinkles, enhance pores and skin elasticity, and shield pores and skin cells towards harm (35).

In accordance with a 2014 assessment, salmon accommodates 0.4–3.8 mg of astaxanthin per 3.5 ounces (100 grams), with sockeye salmon offering the best quantity (36).


Astaxanthin is an antioxidant present in salmon which will profit coronary heart, mind, nervous system, and pores and skin well being.

7. Could cut back the danger of coronary heart illness

Consuming salmon frequently could assist shield towards coronary heart illness (37).

That is due, largely, to salmon’s means to spice up ranges of omega-3 fatty acids within the blood. Many individuals have too many omega-6 fatty acids of their blood in relation to omega-3s (38).

Analysis means that when the stability of those two fatty acids is off, the danger of coronary heart illness will increase (39).

In a single older examine, consuming 2 servings of farmed salmon per week elevated omega-3 blood ranges by 8–9% and decreased omega-6 ranges after 4 weeks (40).

Moreover, some analysis means that common consumption of fish could also be linked to decrease triglyceride ranges and enhancements in a number of different danger components for coronary heart illness (41, 42).


Consuming salmon may help shield towards coronary heart illness by rising ranges of omega-3 fat, reducing ranges of omega-6 fat, and decreasing triglycerides.

8. Could profit weight administration

Consuming salmon steadily may help you drop some pounds and hold it off.

Like different excessive protein meals, it helps regulate the hormones that management urge for food and enable you to really feel full (43).

As well as, your metabolic fee quickly will increase extra after consuming protein-rich meals, corresponding to salmon, in contrast with different meals (43).

Plus, analysis means that the omega-3 fat in salmon and different fatty fish could promote weight reduction and reduce stomach fats in folks with weight problems when mixed with an energetic life-style, although extra analysis is required (44, 45).

One examine in youngsters with nonalcoholic fatty liver illness discovered that supplementing with DHA, the principle omega-3 present in salmon, led to considerably larger reductions in liver fats and stomach fats in contrast with a placebo (45).

As well as, salmon is pretty low in energy. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of farmed salmon has solely 206 energy, and wild salmon has even fewer at 182 energy (1, 2).


Consuming salmon could enable you to handle your weight by lowering your urge for food, quickly boosting your metabolism, and reducing stomach fats.

9. May also help stop irritation

Salmon can present highly effective safety from persistent irritation.

Many specialists imagine that irritation is the basis reason behind most persistent illnesses, together with coronary heart illness, diabetes, and most cancers (46).

A number of research have discovered that consuming extra salmon and different forms of seafood may assist cut back a number of markers of irritation (47, 48).

Actually, one examine in 4,105 folks discovered that frequent consumption of fish was related to decrease ranges of white blood cells, which are sometimes used as a measure of persistent irritation (47).

In accordance with one other assessment revealed in 2014, fish oil supplementation was discovered to considerably cut back ranges of a number of particular markers of irritation, together with CRP, IL-6, and TNF-alpha (49).


Salmon and different fatty fish may help decrease irritation, which can cut back danger components for a number of illnesses and enhance signs in folks with inflammatory circumstances.

10. Could shield mind well being

A rising variety of research counsel that together with salmon in your weight-reduction plan would possibly enhance mind perform.

Each fatty fish and fish oil have been discovered to guard fetal mind well being throughout being pregnant, sluggish cognitive decline, and protect mind perform (50, 51, 52).

One assessment discovered that consuming not less than 2 servings of fish per week was related to a ten% decrease danger of dementia and a 30% decrease danger of Alzheimer’s illness (51).

One other 2020 assessment concluded that fish consumption may enhance reminiscence efficiency, promote mind perform, and shield mind construction in wholesome adults (52).


Frequent salmon consumption could assist shield fetal mind well being in being pregnant, protect mind perform, and reduce the danger of cognitive decline and dementia.

11. Can enhance psychological well being

Along with defending mind well being, some promising research counsel that salmon may help psychological well being, due to its content material of omega-3 fatty acids.

In accordance with a assessment of 10 research, consuming not less than 1 serving of fish per week or 500 mg of omega-3 fatty acids per day was related to a decrease danger of melancholy, particularly in ladies (53).

Nevertheless, extra top quality randomized management trials are wanted.

One other small examine in 23 younger adults discovered that taking an omega-3 fatty acid complement led to important enhancements in signs of melancholy after 21 days (54).

Some analysis additionally means that omega-3 fatty acids may cut back signs of hysteria and enhance temper, although extra research are wanted (55, 56, 57).


Some research have discovered that consuming fish or rising your consumption of omega-3 fatty acids may cut back signs of melancholy and nervousness and enhance temper.

12. Could assist preserve wholesome imaginative and prescient

Salmon accommodates a number of vitamins crucial for selling eye well being and sustaining imaginative and prescient.

For instance, astaxanthin has been studied in people and animals for its means to stop sure problems that may have an effect on eye well being, together with age-related macular degeneration, eye fatigue, uveitis, and cataracts (58).

Salmon additionally accommodates quantity of vitamin A in every serving, with round 8% of the DV in a 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of farmed salmon (1).

Vitamin A is crucial for imaginative and prescient and is a precursor for sure pigment molecules within the photoreceptors of the attention (59, 60).

What’s extra, different analysis means that omega-3 fatty acids might be helpful for the therapy of dry eye illness (61, 62).


Salmon accommodates vitamins like astaxanthin, vitamin A, and omega-3 fatty acids, all of which may assist promote eye well being.

13. May help bone well being

Salmon is a superb supply of vitamin D, with round 66% of the DV in a 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of farmed salmon (1).

Vitamin D is a vital micronutrient that performs a central function in bone well being by rising the absorption of calcium (63).

Analysis reveals that low ranges of vitamin D could also be linked to an elevated danger of bone loss and decreased bone mineral density in older adults (64).

Salmon additionally accommodates phosphorus, one other nutrient essential for sustaining bone energy (65).

Curiously, some research have discovered that consuming extra fish might be tied to a decrease danger of osteoporosis for sure populations, however extra analysis is required (66, 67).


Salmon is wealthy in vitamin D and phosphorus, which may help bone well being. Some research present that consuming fish might be linked to a decrease danger of osteoporosis, however extra analysis is required.

14. Scrumptious and versatile

Salmon is undeniably scrumptious. It has a novel, delicate taste with a much less “fishy” style than many different sorts of fatty fish, corresponding to sardines and mackerel.

Additionally it is extraordinarily versatile. It may be steamed, sauteed, smoked, grilled, baked, or poached. It can be served uncooked in sushi and sashimi.

Moreover, canned salmon is a fast and cheap choice that gives the identical spectacular well being advantages as recent fish. Actually, virtually all canned salmon is wild reasonably than farmed, and its diet profile is superb.

Search for it in BPA-free cans to keep away from the potential well being dangers which were linked to this chemical.

The way to incorporate extra salmon into your weight-reduction plan

Listed below are some wholesome concepts for incorporating salmon into your weight-reduction plan:

  • Use canned salmon instead of tuna when making tuna salad with wholesome mayo.
  • Whip up a Cobb salad with canned salmon, hard-boiled eggs, avocados, lettuce, and tomatoes.
  • Get pleasure from smoked salmon and cream cheese on sprouted-grain bread with cucumber or tomato slices.
  • Attempt making grilled salmon with avocado sauce.
  • Bake an herb-crusted salmon with a facet of veggies for a simple weeknight dinner.


Salmon has a scrumptious taste and might be ready in many various methods. Canned salmon is a handy and cheap choice.

Potential well being dangers of consuming salmon

Although salmon is a nutrient-dense meals and could be a welcome boost to a balanced weight-reduction plan, there are just a few downsides and dangers to contemplate.

For starters, each wild and farmed sorts of salmon usually comprise contaminants corresponding to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxin, which may alter hormone ranges and negatively have an effect on different points of well being if consumed in excessive quantities (68, 69, 70).

Nevertheless, there are strict authorities laws for the variety of contaminants permitted in feed, that are meant to scale back the variety of contaminants in seafood (71).

Antibiotics are additionally usually added to feed for farmed fish. Antibiotic use is related to environmental considerations and will enhance the danger of antibiotic resistance and different long-term well being results (72, 73).

Avoiding fish from areas with much less strict laws on antibiotic use — corresponding to Chile — might be helpful when you’re involved about antibiotic resistance (74).

Moreover, needless to say salmon accommodates some mercury, although it’s a lot decrease in mercury than another fish, corresponding to swordfish and shark (75).

For those who’re pregnant, it’s usually really helpful that you simply devour 2–3 servings of fatty fish, together with salmon, per week and keep away from raw or uncooked seafood (76, 77).


Salmon accommodates some contaminants and heavy metals, corresponding to mercury, which might be dangerous if consumed in excessive quantities. Farmed fish from some areas, like Chile, could also be handled with excessive quantities of antibiotics, which can contribute to antibiotic resistance.

The underside line

Salmon is a dietary powerhouse that gives a number of spectacular well being advantages.

Consuming not less than two servings per week may help you meet your nutrient wants and cut back the danger of a number of illnesses.

As well as, salmon is tasty, satisfying, and versatile. Together with this fatty fish as a daily a part of your weight-reduction plan could very effectively enhance your high quality of life and your well being.