Bananas include fiber in addition to nutritional vitamins and minerals that will present well being advantages.

Bananas are among the many most necessary meals crops on the planet.

They arrive from a household of crops known as Musa which are native to Southeast Asia and grown in lots of the hotter areas of the world.

Bananas are a wholesome supply of fiber, potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin C, and varied antioxidants and phytonutrients.

Many varieties and sizes exist. Their colour often ranges from inexperienced to yellow, however some varieties are crimson.

This text tells you the whole lot it’s essential to learn about bananas.

The diet details for 1 medium-sized banana (100 grams) are (1):

  • Energy: 89
  • Water: 75%
  • Protein: 1.1 grams
  • Carbs: 22.8 grams
  • Sugar: 12.2 grams
  • Fiber: 2.6 grams
  • Fats: 0.3 grams


Bananas are a wealthy supply of carbs, which happen primarily as starch in unripe bananas and sugars in ripe bananas.

The carb composition of bananas adjustments drastically throughout ripening.

The principle element of unripe bananas is starch. Inexperienced bananas include as much as 80% starch measured in dry weight.

Throughout ripening, the starch is transformed into sugars and finally ends up being lower than 1% when the banana is totally ripe (2).

The commonest forms of sugar in ripe bananas are sucrose, fructose, and glucose. In ripe bananas, the overall sugar content material can attain greater than 16% of the recent weight (2).

Bananas have a comparatively low glycemic index (GI) of 42–58, relying on their ripeness. The GI is a measure of how shortly carbs in meals enter your bloodstream and lift blood sugar (3).

Bananas’ excessive content material of resistant starch and fiber explains their low GI.


A excessive proportion of the starch in unripe bananas is resistant starch, which passes by your intestine undigested.

In your massive gut, this starch is fermented by micro organism to type butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid that seems to have useful results on intestine well being (4).

Bananas are additionally an excellent supply of different forms of fiber, equivalent to pectin. Among the pectin in bananas is water-soluble.

When bananas ripen, the proportion of water-soluble pectin will increase, which is without doubt one of the major the explanation why bananas flip mushy as they age (5).

Each pectin and resistant starch reasonable the rise in blood sugar after a meal.


Bananas are primarily composed of carbs. Unripe bananas could include first rate quantities of resistant starch, which features like fiber, aiding your intestine and selling wholesome blood sugar ranges.

Bananas are an excellent supply of a number of nutritional vitamins and minerals, particularly potassium, vitamin B6, and vitamin C (1).

  • Potassium. Bananas are an excellent supply of potassium. A weight loss plan excessive in potassium can decrease blood strain in individuals with elevated ranges and advantages coronary heart well being (6).
  • Vitamin B6. Bananas are excessive in vitamin B6. One medium-sized banana can present as much as 33% of the Day by day Worth (DV) of this vitamin.
  • Vitamin C. Like most fruit, bananas are an excellent supply of vitamin C.


Bananas include numerous nutritional vitamins and minerals in first rate quantities. These embrace potassium and nutritional vitamins B6 and C.

Fruit and veggies include quite a few forms of bioactive plant compounds, and bananas are not any exception.

  • Dopamine. Though it is a crucial neurotransmitter in your mind, dopamine from bananas doesn’t cross the blood-brain barrier to have an effect on temper. Fairly, it acts as an antioxidant (7).
  • Catechin. A number of antioxidant flavonoids are present in bananas, most notably catechins. They’ve been linked to numerous well being advantages, together with a diminished threat of coronary heart illness (8, 9).


Like different fruits, bananas include a number of wholesome antioxidants, that are chargeable for a lot of their well being advantages. These embrace dopamine and catechin.

Bananas boast numerous well being advantages.

Coronary heart well being

Coronary heart illness is the world’s most typical explanation for untimely dying.

Bananas are excessive in potassium, a mineral that promotes coronary heart well being and regular blood strain. One medium-sized banana comprises round 0.4 grams of this mineral.

In response to a big evaluation of many research, every day consumption of 1.3–1.4 grams of potassium is linked to a 26% decrease threat of coronary heart illness (10).

As well as, bananas include antioxidant flavonoids additionally related to a big lower in coronary heart illness threat (11).

Digestive well being

Unripe, inexperienced bananas include appreciable quantities of resistant starch and pectin, that are forms of dietary fiber.

Resistant starch and pectins act as prebiotic vitamins, supporting the expansion of useful intestine micro organism.

In your intestine, these fibers are fermented by useful micro organism that type butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid that promotes intestine well being (12, 13).


Bananas could also be useful for coronary heart well being attributable to their excessive ranges of potassium and antioxidants. What’s extra, their resistant starch and pectins could promote colon well being.

There are combined opinions on whether or not bananas are good for individuals with sort 2 diabetes.

It’s true that bananas are excessive in starch and sugar. Thus, one would possibly count on them to trigger a big rise in blood sugar.

However attributable to their low GI, reasonable consumption of bananas mustn’t increase blood sugar ranges practically as a lot as different high-carb meals.

That mentioned, individuals with diabetes ought to keep away from consuming plenty of well-ripened bananas. It’s at all times greatest to watch blood sugar ranges fastidiously after consuming excessive quantities of of sugar and carbs.

On a special word, some research point out that this fruit is a threat issue for constipation, whereas others declare that bananas could have the other impact (14, 15).

When consumed sparsely, bananas would not have any severe adversarial results.


Bananas are usually thought of wholesome. Nonetheless, individuals with sort 2 diabetes ought to keep away from a excessive consumption of well-ripened bananas.

Bananas are among the many world’s mostly consumed fruits.

Primarily composed of carbs, they include first rate quantities of a number of nutritional vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Potassium, vitamin C, catechin, and resistant starch are amongst their wholesome vitamins.

Bananas could have quite a few advantages — together with improved coronary heart and digestive well being — when consumed frequently as part of a wholesome life-style.